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Winchester 1894

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Winchester 94 Carbine Disassembly & Assembly Instructions

Winchester Model 1894

The Winchester Model 1894 rifle (also known as the Winchester 94 or Win 94) is a lever-action repeating rifle that became one of the most famous and popular hunting rifles. It was designed by John Browning in 1894 and originally chambered to fire two metallic black powder cartridges, the .32-40 Winchester and .38-55 Winchester. It was the first rifle to chamber the smokeless powder round, the .30 WCF (Winchester Center Fire, in time becoming known as the .30-30).

The 1894 was produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company through 1980 and then by U.S. Repeating Arms under the Winchester brand until they ceased manufacturing rifles in 2006. Reproductions are being made by the Miroku company of Japan and imported into the United States by the Browning Arms company of Morgan, Utah.

The Model 1894 has been referred to as the "ultimate lever-action design" by firearms historians such as R. L. Wilson and Hal Herring. The Model 1894 is the rifle credited with the name "Winchester" being used to refer to all rifles of this type and was the first commercial sporting rifle to sell over 7,000,000 units. 

 

Different Grades of the Model 1894 Pre 1964
Grade Barrel (inches) Remarks
 Winchester 1894 Trapper's Carbine
Round
18, 16, 15, 14

Gun is Blued, Plain Walnut Stock and Forearm, Carbine Style Buttplate

Winchester 1894 Carbine
Round
20
Gun is Blued, Plain Walnut Stock and Forearm, Carbine Style Buttplate, Uncapped, with a Single Barrel Band.
Those made prior to 1925 will be fitted with a Saddle Ring on the left receiver side and worth a premium.
Winchester 1894 Sporting Rifle
Round
26
Plain Walnut Stock and Forearm, NOT Checkered, Crescent Buttplate
Serial numbers less than 11,453 are "First model" Sporting Rifle
Serial numbers higher are later "Sporting Rifle." There is also a takedown version.

Winchester 1894 Extra Lightweight Rifle
Round
22, 26

Half Magazine, Plain Walnut with a Straight Grip, Forearm is Plain and Capped. The Buttplate is a Shotgun Type

Winchester 1894 Fancy Sporting Rifle
Round
22, 26
Fancy Walnut Stock and Forearm, ARE Checkered, and a Crescent Metal Buttplate.
Serial numbers less than 11,453 are "First model" Fancy Sporting Rifle.
Serial numbers higher then that are "Fancy Sporting Rifle." There is also a takedown version.
YEAR SERIAL NUMBERS YEAR SERIAL NUMBERS YEAR SERIAL NUMBERS YEAR SERIAL NUMBERS
1894 1 TO 14579 1924 953198 1954 2071100 1984 5309432
1895 44359 1925 978523 1955 2145296 1985 5362944
1896 76464 1926 997603 1956 2225000 1986 5409249
1897 111453 1927 1027571 1957 2290296 1987 5463790
1898 147684 1928 1054465 1958 2365887 1988 5517897
1899 183371 1929 1077097 1959 2410555 1989 5574822
1900 204427 1930 1081755 1960 2469821 1990 5615397
1901 233975 1931 1084156 1961 2500000 1991 6008296
1902 273854 1932 1087836 1962 2551921    
1903 291506 1933 1089270 1963 2586000    
1904 311363 1934 1091190 1964* 2700000 TO 2797428    
1905 337557 1935 1099605 1965 2894428    
1906 378878 1936 1100065 1966 2991927    
1907 430985 1937 1100679 1967 3088458    
1908 474241 1938 1100915 1968 3185691    
1909 505831 1939 1101051 1969 3284570    
1910 553062 1940 1142423 1970 3381299    
1911 599263 1941 1191307 1971 3557385    
1912 646114 1942 1221289 1972 3806499    
1913 703701 1943 NO RECORD 1973 3929364    
1914 756066 1944 NO RECORD 1974 4111426    
1915 784052 1945 NO RECORD 1975 4277926    
1916 807741 1946 NO RECORD 1976 4463553    
1917 821972 1947 NO RECORD 1977 4565925    
1918 838175 1948 1500000 1978 4662210    
1919 870762 1949 1626100 1979 4826596    
1920 880627 1950 1724295 1980 4892951    
1921 908318 1951 1819800 1981 5024957    
1922 919583 1952 1910000 1982 5103248    
1923 938539 1953 2000000 1983 UNKNOWN    
               
*THE POST-64 MODEL 94 BEGAN WITH SERIAL NUMBER 2,700,000.
SERIAL NUMBER 1,000,000 WAS PRESENTED TO PRESIDENT CALVIN COOLIDGE IN 1927.
SERIAL NUMBER 1,500,000 WAS PRESENTED TO PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN IN 1948.
SERIAL NUMBER 2,000,000 WAS PRESENTED TO PRESIDENT DWIGHT EISENHOWER IN 1953.
SERIAL NUMBERS 2,500,000 AND 3,000,000 WERE PRESENTED TO TOO WINCHESTER GUN MUSEUM, NOW LOCATED m CODY, WYOMING.
SERIAL NUMBER 3,500,000 WAS NOT CONSTRUCTED UNTIL 1979 AND WAS SOLD AT AUCTION IN LAS VEGAS, NEVADA.
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